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Afghanistan is one of the most heavily-mined countries on the planet. In 2014, there were over 1,200 accidents (caused by mines, explosive devices and explosive remnants of war). 95% of the casualties identified were civilians, 47% of them children.
Afghanistan is a mountainous country on the Asian continent. It is prone to adverse weather conditions (droughts and floods) and is located in an active earthquake zone (Hindu Kush region).
Its recent history has been marked by three decades of conflict that have hampered the development of its economy, which even today is dependent on international aid.
War, insecurity due to daily acts of violence, and drought have driven more than 2.5 million Afghans into exile. Within the country itself, more than 700,000 people are believed to have fled from their native regions to the capital, Kabul.